ByzantineEmpires.org
History of Byzantine Eastern Roman Empire for Kids

Byzantine Empire History  
     
 
         
 
Home Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Timeline
Byzantine Empire Decline
12 Byzantine Rulers
Traditions and Customs
Byzantine Contributions
Double Headed Eagle
Byzantine Emperors
Empire Army
Byzantine Artifacts
Empire Artists
Buildings Architecture
Byzantine Calendar
Empire Capital
Byzantine Cavalry
Byzantine Christianity
Byzantine Coinage
Daily Life of People
Divine Liturgy
Byzantine Dynasties
Byzantine Economy
Geography
Gold Coins
Historians
Empire Hymns
Byzantine Iconoclasm
Empire Icons
Ivory Artifacts
Jerusalem
Byzantine Jewellery
Justinian Emperor
Byzantine Language
Empire Laws
Empire Lyrics
Monastery
Mosaics
Empire Names
Empire Navy
Paintings
Empire People
Prayers
Sources Of Information
Princess
Provincial Governors
Empire Quotes
Empire Rings
Rite Catholic
Sculptures
Empire Ships
Social Structure
Symbol
Technology
Empire Trade
Empire Wars
Privacy Policy
 

Byzantine Emperor Leo iii

Leo III, so-called founder of the "Isaurian" dynasty, was not of Asia Minor but was born ca. 680 in Germanicia a.k.a. Marash near Aleppo in the northern corner of the eastern Mediterranean. His original name may have been Konon. According to the chronicles of Theophanes the Confessor, his family was forcefully resettled by Justinian II (685-695) in Mesembria, an ancient Greek town on the coast of Thrace near Bulgaria where he was raised.

byzantine-emperor-leo-iii

On December 25, 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor. This act established both a precedent and a political structure that were destined to figure decisively in the affairs of central Europe. The precedent established the papal claim to the right to select, crown, and even depose emperors that was asserted, at least in theory, for nearly 700 years.

Leo defended Constantinople against the last Arab siege (71718), and although he had to contend with Arab attacks in Asia Minor, he succeeded in ending serious Arab threats for nearly two centuries and reorganized the military provinces (themes) of the empire for greater efficiency.

byzantine-emperor-leo-iii

His civil code, the Ecloga, written in Greek rather than in Latin, was a practical handbook that had considerable influence in Byzantium. He is also credited with issuing military, maritime, and rural codes. Leo's attack (726) on devotion to holy images began the long struggle over iconoclasm.

Leo's first military challenge as emperor was to repel the Arab forces under Maslama, who had led an expedition into Asia Minor at the end of 715, and proceeded to besiege Constantinople in 717. Leo III was aided in his defeat of the combined forces of the Arab army, led by Malsama, and the navy led by Sulayman, by the help of the Bulgarian khan Tervel.

byzantine-emperor-leo-iii

Following the example of Patriarch Sergius (610-638) who had carried an icon of Mary around the city walls during the Avar siege of Constantinople in 626, Patriarch Germanus faced the Arab siege with the power of an icon of the Theotokos. Miraculously, the city was saved, though Leo's role in the affair is played down by iconophile sources.

Despite his military successes, the empire suffered territorial losses during Leo's early reign, as well as, a devastating underwater earthquake at Thera and Therasia in 726. These were interpreted by him as a sign of divine displeasure, and as a warning to turn back to the "real protector of the empire in its full greatness," i.e. Christ.

It was at around this time, either in 726 or 730 -- the sources are divided as to whether the ruling patriarch was Germanus or his successor Anastasius -- that he replaced the relief of Christ on the Chalke Gate at the entrance to the imperial palace with a cross bearing the inscription "I drive out the enemies and kill the barbarians."



This site gives you complete information on the Byzantine Empire.

Ottoman & Byzantine Compare Byzantine Vs Roman Catholics Empire Rule
Ancient Byzantine Saints Arab Wars Architecture
Bureaucracy Empire Art Churches
Painters Empire Walls Vestments
Seminary Diplomacy Decoration
Crosses Basilica and Cathedrals Government
Necklace Jewelry Notation Swords
Emperor Leo iii Emperor Heraclius Rule Constantinople History

   
  Contact: ace_offers at yahoo.co.uk :